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JavaScript Variables Scope

1 1 1 1 1 JavaScript Variables Scope5.00Rating 5.00 (1 Vote)

In JavaScript there are two types of variables scope:

  • Local scope
  • Global scope

Scope determines the accessibility (visibility) of these variables.

Global variables can be accessed from any function.

The example of variable created in global scope:

 var userName = "Alice";

// code can use userName 
function myFunction1() {
    // code here can also use userName 
function myFunction2() {
    // code here can also use userName 
    function myFunction3() {
        // code here can also use the same userName 


Local variables can only be accessed from the function they are declared.


// code here can NOT see userName 
function myFunction() {
    var userName = "Bob";
    // code here CAN see and use userName 


Presentaion Remote Control Privacy Policy

1 1 1 1 1 Presentaion Remote Control Privacy Policy5.00Rating 5.00 (2 Votes)

Privacy Policy
Artem Moroz built the Presentation Remote Control app as an Ad Supported app. This SERVICE is provided by Artem Moroz at no cost and is intended for use as is.

This page is used to inform website visitors regarding my policies with the collection, use, and disclosure of Personal Information if anyone decided to use my Service.

If you choose to use my Service, then you agree to the collection and use of information in relation to this policy. The Personal Information that I collect is used for providing and improving the Service. I will not use or share your information with anyone except as described in this Privacy Policy.

The terms used in this Privacy Policy have the same meanings as in our Terms and Conditions, which is accessible at Presentation Remote Control unless otherwise defined in this Privacy Policy.

Read more: Presentaion Remote Control Privacy Policy

How to fix PHP upload file inherit permissions error using Windows IIS Server

1 1 1 1 1 How to fix PHP upload file inherit permissions error using Windows IIS Server5.00Rating 5.00 (910 Votes)

If you’re like me, and you use Windows IIS, you’ve spent hours trying to figure out why your uploaded file won’t inherit the permissions needed to display correctly. Luckily, the answer is extremely easy and something most people would have never thought of.

The problem only happens when you use PHP to upload a file. When you upload a file, PHP sends the file to a temporary directory on the hard drive (for me it is C:\Windows\Temp) and then copies it over to it’s intended directory. Once the file has landed in the temporary directory, it is assigned the permissions of that directory. The problem is when Windows copies that file, it keeps the temporary directory’s permissions and doesn’t inherit your web directory’s permissions.

Read more: How to fix PHP upload file inherit permissions error using Windows IIS Server

How to unpack .tar.gz archive in Linux

1 1 1 1 1 How to unpack .tar.gz archive in Linux5.00Rating 5.00 (749 Votes)

.tar.gz archives are widely used in a GNU/Linux world because of love of the community to the patent freedom and open source formats. Usually, Linux distributions utilize tar.gz format for source code compression. When you begin familiarizing yourself with the Linux world, you quickly realize you need to know how to extract .tar.gz files in Linux. Actually, tar.gz archives are a a combination of two technologies chained one after another. First, all the files are merged in what is called a Tarball - just a single file plus file names information. Then, the Tarball is compressed with the use of gzip compression algorithm. 

So, how to actually extract the .tar.gz archive?


tar -xvf www1.tar.gz -C /var/www/website/


The above command will eventually extract the file www1.tar.gz residing in current directory to the folder /var/www/website/

Let's look at the details of this command:

x command means we want to extract the archive

v switch tells tar to verbosely output file names

f means we need to specify archive name (othewise tar will look into standard input)


As a bonus, you can extract .tar files or even .tar.bz2 files using the same command! Just specify the correct archive name and extension.

Now, you have mastered extracting tar.gz files. Good luck!



How to import large .sql file in MS SQL Server

1 1 1 1 1 How to import large .sql file in MS SQL Server5.00Rating 5.00 (721 Votes)

Sometimes you need to import large database into MS SQL Server, but when you use Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio, it doesn't do the job right, but shows the message "Insufficient memory". Or maybe you need to do a batch import of sql script to database instead of doing the import by hand. Here comes in handy the sqlcmd command line tool. It can import large .sql files, can be run from a batch script, installer, etc.

How to use sqlcmd command-line tool to import large .sql file?

Open a command prompt window.
In the Command Prompt window, type: sqlcmd -S yourServer\instanceName -i C:\yourScript.sql
Press ENTER.
The progress of operation is written to the command prompt window.

Source: Microsoft

How do I make a JSON object with multiple arrays?

1 1 1 1 1 How do I make a JSON object with multiple arrays?5.00Rating 5.00 (409 Votes)

"cars": {
"Nissan": [
{"model":"Sentra", "doors":4},
{"model":"Maxima", "doors":4}
"Ford": [
{"model":"Taurus", "doors":4},
{"model":"Escort", "doors":4}



Arrays in JSON

1 1 1 1 1 Arrays in JSON5.00Rating 5.00 (921 Votes)


[ "Ford", "BMW", "Fiat" ]

Arrays in JSON are almost the same as arrays in JavaScript.

In JSON, array values must be of type string, number, object, array, boolean or null.

In JavaScript, array values can be all of the above, plus any other valid JavaScript expression, including functions, dates, and undefined.

Arrays can be values of an object property:

"cars":[ "Ford", "BMW", "Fiat" ]

The objects returned from most Server APIs are highly nested:

"id": "0001",
"type": "donut",
"name": "Cake",
"ppu": 0.55,
{ "id": "1001", "type": "Regular" },
{ "id": "1002", "type": "Chocolate" },
{ "id": "1003", "type": "Blueberry" },
{ "id": "1004", "type": "Dog's Food" }
{ "id": "5001", "type": "None" },
{ "id": "5002", "type": "Glazed" },
{ "id": "5005", "type": "Sugar" },
{ "id": "5007", "type": "Powdered Sugar" },
{ "id": "5006", "type": "Chocolate with Sprinkles" },
{ "id": "5003", "type": "Chocolate" },
{ "id": "5004", "type": "Maple" }


Introduction to JSON

1 1 1 1 1 Introduction to JSON5.00Rating 5.00 (683 Votes)

JSON is a text format that facilitates structured data interchange between all programming languages. JSON
is syntax of braces, brackets, colons, and commas that is useful in many contexts, profiles, and applications.
JSON was inspired by the object literals of JavaScript aka ECMAScript as defined in the ECMAScript
Language Specification, third Edition [1]. It does not attempt to impose ECMAScript’s internal data
representations on other programming languages. Instead, it shares a small subset of ECMAScript’s textual
representations with all other programming languages.

Read more: Introduction to JSON

cJSON: Lightweight JSON parser

1 1 1 1 1 cJSON: Lightweight JSON parser5.00Rating 5.00 (517 Votes)

If you are searching for cJSON usage samples, or example code that you can just copy-paste into your C project, you came to the right place. 

cJSON is one of the simple JSON parser that you can get your job done with. It's a single file of C, and a single header file.

JSON is described best here: It's like XML, but fat-free. You use it to move data around, store things, or just generally represent your program's state.

As a library, cJSON exists to take away as much legwork as it can, but not get in your way. 

There are several ways to incorporate cJSON into your project, one of them is just copying the source.

Because the entire library is only one C file and one header file, you can just copy cJSON.h and cJSON.c to your projects source and start using it.

cJSON is written in ANSI C (C89) in order to support as many platforms and compilers as possible.

Read more: cJSON: Lightweight JSON parser

How to Install APK to Android Device via ADB in 6 simple steps

1 1 1 1 1 How to Install APK to Android Device via ADB in 6 simple steps5.00Rating 5.00 (915 Votes)

1. Download and install android platform tools:

2. Open command line and navigate to the folder where ADB is located, eg. cd /D d:\Android\sdk\platform-tools\

3. Type adb devices and press ENTER.

Read more: How to Install APK to Android Device via ADB in 6 simple steps

Friday the 30th.